Pear and Apple Pruning

Pear and apple pruning



Why train and prune young trees?

  • A young tree that is not pruned will become a shapeless tree.
  • A shapeless tree does not fill its space in the orchard and we cannot maximize light interception and light distribution.
  • Growing fruit means trapping (intercepting) as much sunlight as possible and converting it into a high quality product that we can sell.
  • To shape a fruit tree and give it a good structure we must train and prune young trees.
  • The best shapes to intercept and distribute sunlight are the Christmas tree‑type (Central Leader) and V‑type (Tatura Trellis).
  • Any pruning during the early years is dwarfing, the trees cannot fill their space quickly and it delays fruiting.
  • Trees that are trained well and pruned minimally, grow fast and come into production soon.
  • Fruiting reduces tree growth. If we allow fruit trees to crop heavily too soon, the trees will be in full production before they have filled their allotted space.
  • Training and pruning young trees allows us to regulate tree growth and fruitfulness so that we can maximize the production potential of an orchard.


    List of topics in the manual

    • Why train and when to prune
    • Eight pruning cuts
    • Maintain a balanced tree structure: the 3:1 rule * Avoid forks * Keep trees open * Spreading branches * Keep the tips of branches up * Control growth in the heads * Keep leaders straight
    • Different buds
    • Renewal pruning: the 1,2,3 rule
    • Importance of 1 and 2 year old wood
    • Spur pruning
    • Containment pruning
    • Renovation pruning
    • Root pruning

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