Peach & nectarine orchard management

Peach & nectarine orchard management


Knowledge of the fundamentals of light interception and the influence of shade, the variety’s growth and fruiting habits, pruning and training, provide a basis for choice of tree size, shape and spacing, time and degree of pruning and training system for optimum production and efficiency.
Since an orchard system integrates many factors, this manual also deals with tree density, interception and distribution of sunlight in fruit trees, crop loading, thinning, fruit quality, tree nutrition and wind.

List of topics

  • Importance of sunlight
    • light interception
    • light distribution
  • Wind can be a problem
  • Heading vs thinning cuts
  • The four-finger cut
  • Maintain a balanced tree structure the 3:1 rule
  • Maximise fruit quality:
    • colour
    • size
    • thinning
  • Grow large fruit 
    • cropping potential (fruit/cm trunk circumference)
    • pruning
    • calculate cropping potential
    • Growth pattern of peaches and nectarines
    • Cincturing to improve fruit size and advance maturity
    • Hand thin flowers to increase fruit size
      • Hints to improve hand thinning
      • chemical thinning
      • mechanical thinning
      • grow laterals this season to get a crop next year
    • Growing cling peaches for the cannery
    • Thinning cling peaches for the cannery
      • determining fruit size 
    • What causes stones to split & gum?
      • how to avoid stones from splitting
      • what causes fruit to gum?
    • What Nitrogen does to fruit
      • when to apply N fertiliser
      • how much N to apply
      • do not ignore trace elements
    • What happens to trees after harvest
      • making sure trees go into winter with plenty of stored carbohydrates and nitrogen
    • How useful is a Soil test
      • don't rely only on soil tests
      • soil tests can be misleading
      • benefits of leaf and sap analysis
    • Soil organic matter
      • why is it important
      • what is it, where does it come from
      • relationship with soil organic carbon
      • amount in the soil
      • organic matter and supply of nutrients and soil stability
      • how to increase organic matter in the soil
    • NEW Crown Gall
      • facts
      • control
    • Winter chill for breaking dormancy
      • chilling requirement
      • minimise the risk
      • tree response to chilling

About this website

This website presents articles from the Tree Fruit magazine. 
Here you can find information about fruit growing under specific topics (found in the menu)
REGISTER - and you can read complete feature articles without interruption.

Like what we do?

We produce and distribute Tree Fruit magazine. 
AND we design and maintain this and other websites. 
Discover what we can do for you.
Contact us

FTM logoEmail

Our services

Fruit Tree Media provide a suite of services:
•Design (website, e-commerce, print)
•Writing (editorial, advertorial, testimonials)
•Photography (in the field or studio)

We understand crop production practices: horticulture and broad acre.
We can translate technical information into understandable, effective messages.
What we produce is 'earthy' and direct, but it is also modern and well designed.

See our website for more information or contact us.


Orchard Manuals

Orchard Manuals that help orchardists grow fruit profitably.

Latest orchard management, tree training and fruit production methods.

Easy to follow instructions, many illustrations and photos.
Available as PDF files—ready to download and print!

Find them here
or from our sister site:

Back to top