Apple Open Tatura

Apple on Open Tatura

$66.00

List of Topics:

  • Producing apples in the 21st century
    • tree density, arrangement and size
    • tree support structures
    • avoid ladders
  • Why Open Tatura?
    • V-shaped canopies
    • labour friendly
  • Do it right, from the start
    • success is determined in year one!
    • consider growth habits
  • Pruning
    • reasons, timing
    • pruning cuts: Heading cut - Thinning cut - Delay heading cut - Bench cut - Clean cut - December cut - Ring cut
  • NEW Scion rooting of apple trees  (recently updated)
  • After planting
  • When buds start to move in spring
  • Nursery trees
  • When you can not plant feathered trees
  • Open Tatura
    • orchard specifications: planting distance
    • methods of training: single leader
    • trellis & anchor specifications
  • Rootstock choice
  • Pollination and fruit set
  • Bees, their behaviour and pollination
  • Polliniser varieties
  • Prepare the soil before planting
    • pH
    • Apple Replant Disease (recently updated)
  • Soil organic matter
    • what is it, where does it come from
    • amount in the soil
    • nutrients, soil stability
  • Soil testing
    • don't rely only on soil tests
    • leaf and sap analysis
  • Spreading shoots or branches of young trees
    • crotch angles, what is a good angle
    • apical dominance
    • bending and arching
    • when to spread
  • Tree management:
    • First year
    • after planting
    • spring time
    • Second year
    • fill allotted space
    • Third year
    • add fruiting wood
  • The branchless multi-leader concept
  • Renewal pruning
    • 10 Pruning rules
  • Root pruning
    • best time to prune roots
    • potential problems
  • NEW Crown Gall 
    • facts
    • control
  • NEW What are burr knots
  • Turn blind wood into productive wood
    • heading cuts
    • double delay-heading
  • Benchmarks for marketable yield (recently updated)
  • What causes biennial bearing?
  • Tree nutrition
  • A guide to replace the nutient losses from harvested fruit
  • Nitrogen
  • How do apples turn red or pink?
  • Why do apples sunburn?
    • what you can do to control sunburn
  • Does overhead cooling avoid sunburn
    • some problems
    • better solutions
  • Calcium
    • in the soil
    • in the tree
    • in the fruit
    • what to do to ensure adequate amounts reach the fruit
  • What is water core?
  • What happens to trees after harvest
  • Winter chill for breaking dormancy
    • chilling requirement  (recently updated)
  • Avoiding frost damage in spring
    • two types of frost
    • effects of fog, clouds and wind
    • monitor frost before is does damage
  • Avoid skin russet
    • guidelines
  • Water and stress
  • When are apples ready to harvest?
    • Nine maturity tests
$66.00

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