Pear on Open Tatura

Pear on Open Tatura

$55.00

Topics in this manual

  • A pear is not an apple
  • Methods explained: scoring; plucking; notching; spraying ethrel 
  • Prune for more and better quality pears
  • Maintain a balanced tree structure
  • 1,2,3 method of renewal pruning
  • 10 rules for growing quality pears
    • prune weakest trees first
    • remove big wood
    • make thinning cuts
    • make pruning cuts on the underside of branches
    • maintain tree height
    • postpone topping the heads
    • contain the length of scaffold by pruning back in 2-year old, or older wood
    • keep fruiting wood young
    • delay-heading
    • get rid of tired spurs
  • Plant quality nursery trees
  • Rootstocks
    • Winter Nelis
    • BP1
    • Quince
    • BM2000
    • others
    • D6 for high-density plantings
  • Contain root growth
  • Root pruning
    • claims
    • best time to root prune
    • potential problems
    • root pruning would not be necessary if you...
  • Transplant shock
    • how to prevent or minimise transplant shock
  • Pollination and the honey bee
    • you should this about bees, their behaviour and pollination
  • Hand-thin pears
  • Fruit russet
    • prevent russet
  • Calcium in the soil, tree and fruit
    • what to do to ensure adequate amounts of calcium reach your fruit
    • cultural practices
    • pre-harvest calcium and post-harvest dips
  • If you can't measure it, you can't manage it
    • diagnostic tools
    • calculate per canopy hectare
  • Measure fruit maturity
    • starch content
    • firmness
    • sugar content
  • Tree nutrition
    • sample leaves for analysis
    • leaf vs soil analysis
    • nitrogen
    • young trees
    • mature trees (5 years and older)
    • other nutrients 

  • Can nitrogen fertiliser boost pear size?
    • what happens to nitrogen fertiliser when it is applied to the soil
    • why does niitrogen not directly affect fruit size
  • Soil organic matter
    • why is organic matter imortant
    • what is organic matter and where does it come from
    • amount of organic matter in the soil
    • organic matter and supply of nutrients; soil stability
    • how to increase organic matter in the soil
  • Tree water requirements
    • drip vs microjet
    • tree water requirements
    • calculating how much water trees need and how long to irrigate to deliver that water
  • What is RDI (regulated deficit irrigation)
  • What is pear blossom blast
    • what to do to prevent attack
  • What is pear decline
  • What you should know about fire blight
  • NEW Crown Gall
    • facts
    • control
  • Winter chill for breaking dormancy
    • chilling requirement
    • minimise the risk
    • tree response to chilling
  • Tree training systems:
    • Open Tatura with two leaders
      • first year - promote growth of two leaders
      • second year - promote growth of lateral shoots
      • third year - complete tree structure, set small crop, promote development of fruit bud, keep heads under control
      • fourth year - set a crop, keep trees calm
      • fifth year - set a crop, keep trees calm, renew fruiting wood
    • Open Tatura with four leaders
      • the branchless four-leader concept
      • subdue the two inner shoots
      • first year - promote growth of the four leaders
      • second year - promotegrowth of the four leaders with short side shoots
      • third year - complete leader development, promote fruiting wood
      • fifth year and beyond - det crop, keep trees calm, keep spur wood young and productive
    • Open Tatura with cordon
      • First year - growing fruiting units
      • second year - complete growing the fruiting units
      • third year - allow fruiting units to bud up
      • fourth year - set a crop, keep trees calm
      • fifth year and beyond - set a crop, keep trees calm, keep spur wood young and productive
  • Varieties:
    • Packham's Triumph - training system to use
      • flowering, pollination and fruit set
      • correlation between pruning and packout
    • Williams' Bon Chretien - suitable training system
      • pollination and parthenocarpy
      • training and pruning
    • Beurre Bosc - suitable training method
    • Corella (Forelle) - suitable training method
      • hints to achieve good size, shape, colour and taste
$55.00

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